Conference Paper

Towards a Metamodel for Supporting Decisions in Knowledge-Intensive Processes

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Authors Sheila Katherine VeneroLeonardo MontecchiJulio Cesar dos ReisCecilia Mary Fischer Rubira
Abstract
Knowledge-intensive processes (KiPs) cannot be fully specified at design time because not all information about the process is available prior to its execution. At runtime, new information emerges reflecting environment changes or unexpected outcomes. The structure of this kind of processes varies from case to case and it is defined step-by-step based on knowledge worker's decisions made after analyzing the current situation. These decisions rely on the knowledge worker's experience and available information. Current process management approaches still need to adequately address the complex characteristics of knowledge-intensive processes, such as their unpredictability, emergency, non-repeatability, and dynamism. This paper proposes a metamodel for representing KiPs aiming to help knowledge workers during the decision-making process. Domain and organizational knowledge are modeled by objectives and tactics. The metamodel supports the definition of objectives, metrics, tactics, goals and strategies at runtime according to a specific situation. Also, it includes concepts related to context and environment elements, business artifacts, roles and rules. The feasibility of our model was evaluated via a proof of concept in the medical domain.
DOI 10.1145/3297280.3297290
Event 34th ACM/SIGAPP Symposium On Applied Computing (SAC 2019)
Track Business Process Management & Enterprise Architecture (BPMEA)
Venue Limassol, Cyprus
Date April 8-12, 2019
Pages 75-84
Publisher ACM
ISBN 978-1-4503-5933-7
 
 

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